Posts Tagged ‘Term limits for Congress’

“545 People” Cause U. S. Problems

May 4, 2016


  • “545 People” Cause U.S. Problems

    The following article was written by Charley Reese, a writer for the Orlando Sentinel. It has been authenticated by Snopes.

    The following is quoted from Snopes.

    Claim:   Charley Reese penned an editorial about 545 people being “responsible for the domestic problems that plague” the U.S.


    Example:   [Reese, 1995]

    Politicians, as I have often said, are the only people in the world who create problems and then campaign against them.

    Everything on the Republican contract is a problem created by Congress. Too much bureaucracy? Blame Congress. Too many rules?

    Blame Congress. Unjust tax laws? Congress wrote them.

    Out-of-control bureaucracy? Congress authorizes everything bureaucracies do. Americans dying in Third World rat holes on stupid U.N. missions? Congress allows it. The annual deficits?

    Congress votes for them. The $4 trillion plus debt? Congress created it.

    To put it into perspective just remember that 100 percent of the power of the federal government comes from the U.S. Constitution. If it’s not in the Constitution, it’s not authorized.

    Then read your Constitution. All 100 percent of the power of the federal government is invested solely in 545 individual human beings. That’s all. Of 260 million Americans, only 545 of them wield 100 percent of the power of the federal government.

    That’s 435 members of the U.S. House, 100 senators, one president and nine Supreme Court justices. Anything involving government that is wrong is 100 percent their fault.

    I exclude the vice president because constitutionally he has no power except to preside over the Senate and to vote only in the case of a tie. I exclude the Federal Reserve because Congress created it and all its power is power Congress delegated to it and could withdraw anytime it chooses to do so. In fact, all the power exercised by the 3 million or so other federal employees is power delegated from the 545.

    All bureaucracies are created by Congress or by executive order of the president. All are financed and staffed by Congress. All enforce laws passed by Congress.

    All operate under procedures authorized by Congress. That’s why all complaints and protests should be properly directed at Congress, not at the individual agencies.

    You don’t like the IRS? Go see Congress. You think the Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms agency is running amok? Go see Congress.

    Congress is the originator of all government problems and is also the only remedy available. That’s why, of course, politicians go to such extraordinary lengths and employ world-class sophistry to make you think they are not responsible. Anytime a congressman pretends to be outraged by something a federal bureaucrat does, he is in fact engaging in one big massive con job. No federal employee can act at all except to enforce laws passed by Congress and to employ procedures authorized by Congress either explicitly or implicitly.

    Partisans on both sides like to blame presidents for deficits, but all deficits are congressional deficits. The president may, by custom, recommend a budget, but it carries no legal weight. Only Congress is authorized by the Constitution to authorize and appropriate and to levy taxes. That’s what the federal budget consists of: expenditures authorized, funds appropriated and taxes levied.

    Both Democrats and Republicans mislead the public. For 40 years Democrats had majorities and could have at any time balanced the budget if they had chosen to do so. Republicans now have majorities and could, if they choose, pass a balanced budget this year. Every president, Democrat or Republican, could have vetoed appropriations bills that did not make up a balanced budget. Every president could have recommended a balanced budget. None has done either.

    We have annual deficits and a huge federal debt because that’s what majorities in Congress and presidents in the White House wanted. We have troops in various Third World rat holes because Congress and the president want them there.

    Don’t be conned. Don’t let them escape responsibility. We simply have to sort through 260 million people until we find 545 who will act responsibly.


     Origins:   Journalist Charley Reese (now retired) was part of the Orlando Sentinel‘s staff for three decades between 1971-2001, during which time he (among other duties) penned a thrice-weekly column which was distributed to other newspapers nationwide by King Features Syndicate. During the 1980s Reese wrote the first version of an editorial opining that 545 people (i.e., the President of the United States, plus all the members of Congress and the Supreme Court) “are directly, legally, morally and individually responsible for the domestic problems that plague this country,” and he has amended, updated, and republished that piece several times since then. The version cited above is taken from the 7 March 1995 edition of the Orlando Sentinel, where it ran under the title “Looking for Someone to Blame? Congress Is a Good Place to Start.”

    By way of comparison, here is another version of Reese’s piece, as it appeared in 1985:


    Politicians are the only people in the world who create problems and then campaign against them.

    Have you ever wondered why, if both the Democrats and Republicans are against deficits, we have deficits? Have you ever wondered why if all politicians are against inflation and high taxes, we have inflation and high taxes?

    You and I don’t propose a federal budget. The president does. You and I don’t have Constitutional authority to vote on appropriations. The House of Representatives does. You and I don’t write the tax code. Congress does. You and I don’t set fiscal policy. Congress does. You and I don’t control monetary policy. The Federal Reserve Bank does.

    One hundred senators, 435 congressmen, one president and nine Supreme Court justices — 545 human beings out of 235 million — are directly, legally, morally and individually responsible for the domestic problems that plague this country.

    I excused the members of the Federal Reserve Board because that problem was created by the Congress. In 1913, Congress delegated its Constitutional duty to provide a sound currency to a federally chartered by private central bank.

    I exclude all of the special interests and lobbyists for a sound reason. They have no legal authority. They have no ability to coerce a senator, a congressman or a president to do one cotton-picking thing. I don’t care if they offer a politician $1 million in cash. The politician has the power to accept or reject it.

    No matter what the lobbyist promises, it is the legislators’ responsibility to determine how he votes.

    Don’t you see the con game that is played on the people by the politicians? Those 545 human beings spend much of their energy convincing you that what they did is not their fault. They cooperate in this common con regardless of party.

    What separates a politician from a normal human being is an excessive amount of gall. No normal human being would have the gall of Tip O’Neill, who stood up and criticized Ronald Reagan for creating deficits.

    The president can only propose a budget. He cannot force the Congress to accept it. The Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land, gives sole responsibility to the House of Representatives for originating appropriations and taxes.

    Those 545 people and they alone are responsible. They and they alone should be held accountable by the people who are their bosses — provided they have the gumption to manage their own employees.

    In 2008, Reese’s editorial was updated with some topical political references (e.g., Nancy Pelosi’s name in place of Tip O’Neill’s; the Army and Marines listed as being in Iraq rather than on “U.N. Missions”) and circulated via e-mail under the title “The 545 People Responsible for America’s Woes” (or just “545 People), often with additional material not written by Reese himself tacked onto the beginning or end of the article.

    Last updated:   13 January 2013


        Reese, Charley.   “Looking for Someone to Blame? Congress Is a Good Place to Start.”
        Orlando Sentinel.   7 March 1995   (p. A8).
        The Stonewall County Courier.   “545 People Responsible for Country’s Problems.”
        19 September 1985   (p. 1).

    End of Snopes Quotes:


    What now follows are some things that have been appended to iterations of these articles by an unknown author in cyberspace.  This is also interesting and appears to be correct to my eye. What do you think?

    Tax his land,
    Tax his bed,
    Tax the table,
    At which he’s fed.

    Tax his tractor,
    Tax his mule,
    Teach him taxes
    Are the rule.

    Tax his work,
    Tax his pay,
    He works for
    peanuts anyway!

    Tax his cow,
    Tax his goat,
    Tax his pants,
    Tax his coat.

    Tax his ties,
    Tax his shirt,
    Tax his work,
    Tax his dirt.

    Tax his tobacco,
    Tax his drink,
    Tax him if he
    Tries to think.

    Tax his cigars,
    Tax his beers,
    If he cries
    Tax his tears.

    Tax his car,
    Tax his gas,
    Find other ways
    Taxes to pass

    Tax all he has
    Then let him know
    That you won’t be done
    Till he has no dough.

    When he screams and hollers;
    Then tax him some more,
    Tax him till
    He’s good and sore.

    Then tax his coffin,
    Tax his grave,
    Tax the sod in
    Which he’s laid…

    Put these words
    Upon his tomb,
    ‘Taxes drove me
    to my doom…’

    When he’s gone,
    Do not relax,
    Its time to apply
    The inheritance tax.

    Accounts Receivable Tax
    Building Permit Tax
    CDL license Tax
    Cigarette Tax
    Corporate Income Tax
    Dog License Tax
    Excise Taxes
    Federal Income Tax
    Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA)
    Fishing License Tax
    Food License Tax
    Fuel Permit Tax
    Gasoline Tax (currently 44.75 cents per gallon)
    Gross Receipts Tax
    Hunting License Tax
    Inheritance Tax
    Inventory Tax
    IRS Interest Charges IRS Penalties (tax on top of tax)
    Liquor Tax
    Luxury Taxes
    Marriage License Tax
    Medicare Tax
    Personal Property Tax
    Property Tax
    Real Estate Tax
    Service Charge Tax
    Social Security Tax
    Road Usage Tax
    Recreational Vehicle Tax
    Sales Tax
    School Tax
    State Income Tax
    State Unemployment Tax (SUTA)
    Telephone Federal Excise Tax
    Telephone Federal Universal Service Fee Tax
    Telephone Federal, State and Local Surcharge Taxes
    Telephone Minimum Usage Surcharge Tax
    Telephone Recurring and Nonrecurring Charges Tax
    Telephone State and Local Tax
    Telephone Usage Charge Tax
    Utility Taxes
    Vehicle License Registration Tax
    Vehicle Sales Tax
    Watercraft Registration Tax
    Well Permit Tax
    Workers Compensation Tax


    It is now do, or die for America. Vote the traitorous politicians out-of-office and impose term-limits on Congress!

    V. Thomas Mawhinney, 5/4/16

    P.S. Thanks to Joe Grunert for bringing this article to my attention.

    Congress Is Suicidal for Lawful Reasons

    March 13, 2016

    Congress Is Suicidal for Lawful Reasons

    If you have not seen my 3/12/16 blog, it is important that you do so in order to understand my concerns addressed in this writing. Yesterday’s blog is entitled “America’s Death by Immigration”.

    As the video in this blog shows that Congress is allowing the legal immigration of millions of people yearly.. more than any society on earth can possibly assimilate and financially accommodate without its own destruction.

    In the not to-distant future America will be overwhelmed by an avalanche of unsustainable population growth.

    While this is exactly the kind of self-defeating behavior that radical liberals, I.e., so-called Progressives are guilty of, it is essential to recognize that this self-destructive flood of legal immigrants has been perpetuated by both Democrats and Republicans.

    It should be chilling to note that the mathematical demonstration visually illustrated in yesterday’s video did not include illegal immigrants that have been flooding our borders for years! Again, neither Democrats or Republicans have done anything to stem this flood of immigrants.

    Any fool should know that no society can continue this pattern without destroying itself in due time. Therefore, nothing about this Congressional suicidal behavior pattern makes any sense.

    Or, does it?

    There is an old saying: “If you do not understand some social/political event, follow the money!”

    While I am certain that big money is wrapped-up in America’s obviously suicidal immigration policies, there is more to this “clinical” picture. Perhaps we could alter the “old saying” in order to more clearly see some significant components of the dynamics of America’s own doom by immigration.

    Try this: “If you do not understand some social/political event, follow the growth or maintenance of money and political power!

    There are likely other factors involved and a full explanation is almost certainly more complex than the one I am presenting. However, I believe the following factors are powerful motivating factors that are being overlooked by a large proportion of America’s electorate.

    It is politically axiomatic that the party who supports immigration and free stuff for immigrants, legal or not, will gain the votes of this population and is therefore more likely to stay in power longer. The longer politicians stay in power, generally, the more wealthy they become and the more power they can accumulate and wield to keep this positive self-feeding cycle going. This can be viewed as a powerful multifaceted cycle of positively reinforced behavior that is very beneficial to politicians in the short-term and intermediate future.

    But what about the party that is “out-of-power”? That is, the party whose politicians that may not control the Presidency and/or Congress. One might naively think that they would put-a-stop to America’s crazy immigration policies. Yet, this is not what has happened.

    So, as usual, B.S. walks and behavior talks!

    It would appear that the minority political parties, through time, understand very well that if they oppose the crazy immigration policies, they will loose votes and with that will come the fear of ever again regaining the lead power position over their competition. The out-0f-power party is primarily concerned with escaping and/or avoiding the loss of voters and so does little or nothing to stem the increasingly lethal flood of immigrants into America.

    Technically speaking, the motivational forces of both positive and negative reinforcement are intricately involved in Congress’s amazingly self defeating behavior.

    There is at least one more factor that I hinted at near the beginning of this writing. The positive and negative reinforcement (escape) and the avoidance of the loss of positive reinforcers (votes and power) occur in the very near and intermediate future for the politicians. This means that they will more powerfully control the behaviors of the politicians.

    Regrettably, the aversive or punishing consequences that will arrive as consequences for voters tolerating such irresponsible behaviors by their political representatives will build gradually and they will first impact other distant sections of society (I.e., “its happening to someone else”). Another component of this lethal trap for America is that the aversive/punishing consequences of these political actions will impact a greater proportion of our citizens in the distant future, a distant future that does not control population behavior very well in the present!

    Scientifically validated principles of human behavior are like nuclear energy. They can he harnessed for great good or mismanaged with calamitous results.

    The longer politicians remain in office, the more power they accumulate, the wealthier they become and the more prone they are to crony capitalism.

    An important step in the direction of reducing these governmental destructive tendencies will be to impose term-limits on Congressional politicians.

    V. Thomas Mawhinney, Ph.D., 3/13/16



    Charlie Daniels Takes Congress “To The Woodshed”!

    August 27, 2015

    Charlie Daniels Takes Congress “To The Woodshed”!

    Thank you Charlie! I love your music and I love your no-B.S. politics.

    I cannot say it any better.

    Read the following and you are most likely to feel he is also speaking directly for you.

    V. Thomas Mawhinney, Ph.D.


    P.S., Thanks to Lee Hornack for sending this to me.

    Term Limits Plus

    July 22, 2011

    Term Limits Plus

    I am back from the U.P. woods. Had a wonderful time with the grand children!

    My good friend, Joe Grunert,  forwarded this proposal to me.  It it high time that we deal with Congress and its excesses. I have long advocated term limits for all politicians to limit the power they can gather and abuse. Please see my past post on 7/11/11.

    The following list begins with term limits and then eliminates the rest of the outrageous benefits that congress has voted for itself.

    I hope you will pass this list, as well as  my blog site, on to your friends.

    Congressional Reform Act of 2011

    1.    Term Limits
    12 years max, some possible options are below.
    A.    Two Six-year Senate terms
    B.    Six Two-year House terms
    C.    One Six-year Senate term and three Two-Year House terms

    2.    No Tenure / No Pension
    Members of Congress receive a salary while in office,
    that salary ends when they leave office.

    3.    Congress members (past, present & future) are to participate in Social Security.
    All funds in the Congressional retirement fund move to the Social Security system

    All future funds flow into the Social Security system,
    and Congress participates with all Americans.

    4.    Congress can purchase their own retirement plan,
    just as all Americans do.

    5.    Congress will no longer vote themselves a pay raise.
    Congressional pay will rise by the lower of CPI or 3%.

    6.    Congress loses their current health care system
    and participates in the same health care system as the American people.

    7.    Members of Congress must equally abide by all laws
    they impose on the American people.

    8.    All contracts with past and present members of Congress are void effective 1/1/12.
    The American people did not make the contract members of Congress enjoy,
    Congress made all these contracts for themselves.
    Serving in Congress is an honor, not a career.
    The Founding Fathers envisioned citizen legislators,
    so ours should serve their term(s), then go home and back to work.

    Please forward this proposal.

    V. Thomas Mawhinney, Ph.D.              7/22/11

    %d bloggers like this: